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Great Scots!

Scotland has given rise to many more famous people than would be expected for  a country of such modest size and population. The Scots have been pioneers in the arts, literature, the sciences and as inventors, philosophers, architects and explorers.

Here is a abridged list in chronological order

Lord MacBeth (c.1005 - 1057) last of Scotland's Gaelic Kings.
Saint Margaret (c. 1045 - 1093) re-founded Iona  monastery.
William Wallace (1274 - 1305) defender of Scottish independence.
Robert the Bruce (1274 - 1329) defeated English at Bannockburn.
William St Clair (1404-1482) commenced the construction of Rosslyn Chapel in 1446.
John Knox (1505 - 1572) father of the Protestant Reformation.
Mary, Queen of Scots (1542 -87) Last Roman Catholic monarch.
John Napier (1550 - 1617) Mathematician and Astronomer.
James VI (1566 - 1625) Son of Mary Queen of Scots.
William Kidd (Captain Kidd) (1645-1701) Infamous pirate.
Rob Roy MacGregor (1671 - 1734)   cattle thief and Jacobite.
Alexander Selkirk (1676 - 1721)   "Robinson Crusoe".
Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) (1720-1788) The "Young Pretender"
Flora MacDonald (1722 - 1790) helped Bonnie Prince Charlie to safety.
Adam Smith (1723 - 1790) father of economics.
Robert Adam (1728 - 1792) Architech
 

 

James Watt (1736 - 1819) Developed the steam engine.
James Boswell (1740 - 1795) Biographer and Traveller.
Patrick Ferguson (1744-1780) inventor of the breech load rifle.
John Paul Jones (1747 - 1792) established the U.S. Navy.
John McAdam (1756 - 1836) Developed the process tarmacadam.
Robert Burns (1759 - 1796) National poet..
Sir Walter Scott (1771 - 1832) Great Scottish patriot, writer and poet
David Livingstone (1813 - 1873) Explorer and medical missionary
Sir John Alexander MacDonald (1815 - 1891) First Prime Minister of Canada.
Allan Pinkerton (1819 - 1884)  detective,Head of  U.S. Secret Service 1861-62..
Joseph Lister (1827 - 1912)  pioneered the use of antiseptics
William Topaz McGonagall (1830 - 1902) "The World's Worst Poet".
Andrew Carnegie (1835 - 1918) U.S. iron and steel magnate and great philanthropist.
Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922) the inventor of the telephone in 1876.
Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894) Author, works included "Kidnapped", "Treasure Island".

James Keir Hardie (1856 - 1915) a founder of the British Labour Party.

Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 - 1930) Author. Creator of the detective Sherlock Holmes.
Sir James Barrie (1860 - 1937) Author Best known for the creation of Peter Pan.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868 - 1928) Architect and Designer. Influential Glasgow designer.
Harry Lauder, (1870-1950)  Music Hall entertainer.
Sir Alexander Fleming (1881 - 1955) discovered the world's first antibiotic drug - Penicillin.
John Logie Baird (1888 - 1946) Inventor of the television.
Sir Sean Connery, (1930-. ) Actor.
The Broons & Oor Wullie (1936 - )Legendary Scottish cartoons characters.